Scripture on the Civil (Human) Government

22 Apr

Good stuff pass on from Between Two Worlds:

10 Scriptural Principles on the Nature of Human Government

From J. Budziszewski, Evangelicals in the Public Square: Four Formative Voices on Political Thought and Action (Baker Academic, 2006):

  1. God is the true sovereign; he ordained all human government for the good of man, whom he made in his image (Ps. 22:28Rom. 13:13-4Gen. 1:27).
  2. Although God originally chose only one nation, he desires ultimately to draw all nations into the light of his Word (Isa. 49:6Rom. 10:12Rev. 21:23-24).
  3. He disciplines the nations according to their deeds (Jer. 18:7-10Jer. 5:28-29).
  4. He also disciplines their rulers (Dan. 2:20-21Jer. 25:12Dan. 4:27).
  5. In general, disobedience to human government is disobedience to God; indeed, government deserves not only obedience but honor (Rom. 13:1-27).
  6. But there are exceptions: Any governmental edict that contradicts the commands of God must be disobeyed (Acts 5:29Dan. 3:18Ex. 1:1720-21).
  7. The just purposes of human government include the commendation of good, the punishment of evil, the maintenance of peace, and the protection of the oppressed (1 Pet. 2:13-141 Tim. 2:1-2Isa. 10:1-2).
  8. In pursuance of these purposes, God authorizes human government to use force on his behalf and in grave cases even to take life, though never deliberately to take the life of the innocent (Gen. 9:6Rom. 13:3-4).
  9. Yet human government cannot fully or permanently redress wrong, because it cannot uproot sin from the human heart; this can be done only by the saving grace of God through Jesus Christ (Jer. 17:9Isa. 64:6Rom. 3:22-25).
  10. Moreover, the community of redemption is not the state but the church. No matter how much respect is due to the state, the church is never to be identified with it (John 18:33-36Acts 20:28).
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